- Catalogue N°
- 851.540.001 - 1 x 96 Discovery
851.540.005 - 5 x 96
851.540.010 - 10 x 96
851.540.015 - 15 x 96
851.540.020 - 20 x 96
- Assay Range
- 12.5 pg/ml - 400 pg/ml
- 5 pg/ml
- Target species
- Recognizes both natural and recombinant human IL-10
- From sample to end 2h45
- Sample Type
- Serum, Plasma, Cell culture supernatant
- Sample Size
- 100 µl
- Cross Reaction
- No cross reactivity with other human cytokines. Cross reactivity with simian IL-10. No cross reactivity with viral IL-10.
- Kit Content
- Diaclone ELISA Sets include capture and biotinylated detection antibody, one standard per plate, Streptavidin-HRP, TMB, and detailed procedure including buffer composition.
Interleukin-10 is a pleiotropic cytokine playing an important role as a regulator of lymphoid and myeloid cell function. Due to the ability of IL-10 to block cytokine synthesis and several accessory cell functions of macrophages this cytokine is a potent suppressor of the effector functions of macrophages, T-cells and NK cells.
In addition, IL-10 participates in regulating proliferation and differentiation of B-cells, mast cells and thymocytes. The primary structure of human IL-10 has been determined by cloning the cDNA encoding the cytokine. The corresponding protein exerts 160 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 18.5 kDa. Based on its primary structure, IL-10 is a member of the four -helix bundle family of cytokines. In solution human IL-10 is a homodimer with an apparent molecular mass of 39 kDa.
Although it contains an N-linked glycosylation site, it lacks detectable carbohydrates. Recombinant protein expressed in E. coli thus retains all known biological activities.The human IL-10 gene is located on chromosome 1 and is present as a single copy in the genome. The human IL-10 exhibits strong DNA and amino acid sequence homology to the murine IL-10 and an open reading frame in the Epstein- Barr virus genome, BCRF1 which shares many of the cellular cytokine's biological activities and may therefore play a role in the host- virus interaction.
The immunosuppressive properties of IL-10 suggest a possible clinical use of IL-10 in suppressing rejections of grafts after organ transplantations. IL-10 can furthermore exert strong anti-inflammatory activities.
IL-10 in disease
IL-10 expression was shown to be elevated in parasite infections like in Schistosoma mansoni , Leishmania , Toxoplasma gondii and Trypanosoma infection. Furthermore, high IL-10 expression was detected in mycobacterial infections as shown for Mycobacterium leprae , Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium infections. High expression levels of IL-10 are also found in retroviral infections inducing immunodeficiency.
Version 12 - 07.19
For research use only
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